Publication: Evidence of Incubation

Kenyon Professor, Robert Mauck and Lisa (Harn) Elliott, ’09, have co-published an article titled “Evidence of Incubation Trade‐offs in Leach’s Storm‐Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) : Ptilochronology as a Measure of Reproductive Investment in a Long‐lived Seabird”. Much of the work was part of Lisa’s senior honors thesis at Kenyon College, and she has since recently finished her PhD at the University of Minnesota. The complete article can be found in the December 2020 issue of Ibis.

Abstract

Avian incubation investment represents a trade‐off between the energetic demands of the parent and the thermal needs of the embryo. Parental energy balance and investment in somatic maintenance relative to incubation investment can be indexed by the rate of feather growth. Feather growth rates, or ptilochronology, of adult Leach’s Storm‐Petrels Oceanodroma leucorhoa were used to assess parental investment to (a) determine if individuals that invest heavily in current reproduction pay a cost to future reproduction as indicated by a cost to somatic maintenance and (b) assess whether this trade‐off is detected using ptilochronology, which may be a more direct measure of reproductive investment compared to body mass in seabirds. We found positive relationships between duration of the incubation period and both egg neglect and a mated pair’s mean rate of induced feather growth, though we did not find a relationship between either egg neglect and feather growth or hatching success and feather growth. Our results suggest that during the incubation period a trade‐off exists between energy allocated to self‐maintenance and reproduction in this species, though egg neglect does not appear to be the mechanism that extends the incubation period in response to increased energetic demands of somatic maintenance. The lack of correlation between feather growth and egg neglect further suggests that some pairs may be better able to manage competing demands of self‐maintenance and incubation, possibly due to individual quality, coordination of incubation effort, burrow quality or some other factor.

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